Walleye (Sander vitreus), also known as a dory, pickerel, freshwater perch, yellow walleye, walleye pike, or yellow pike, belong to the largest perch family. They thrive in cold, freshwater lakes and rivers in Canada and North America.
The walleye has a golden brown or yellow color with a white belly. Walleyes have two dorsal fins on their back and large, cat-like, silvery, almost reflective eyes to which the name “walleye” can be attributed.
Don’t confuse it with the Alaskan walleye, though. Because even though they look alike, the Alaskan walleye is a saltwater fish, has a very different taste, and is not even a distant relative of the walleye!
Although restaurants often serve 5-pound walleyes, North American walleyes can weigh up to twenty pounds or 9 kilograms and grow to around 31 inches long. Females tend to be bigger than males.
Walleyes are caught both for commercial and recreational purposes. Since they are known to be nocturnal feeders, the best time to go walleye fishing is at twilight just as the sun sets or at dawn just before the sun rises. For a higher chance of success, live baits are also the way to go.